Pub Law Reform Attempt Highlights Risk of Letting Plain English into Parliament


Friday, January 30th, 2015. 3:04am


A recent parliamentary innovation, allowing MPs to explain the intent of their amendments to Bills in plain English, appears to have been abused for the first time in relation to an amendment which has been the subject of a vote in the House of Commons.

Charlotte Leslie MP (Labour, Bristol North West) proposed an amendment to the Infrastructure Bill which she accompanied with the following explanatory statement:

The purpose of this New Clause is to aim to ensure that any proposed demolition of or change of use to public houses and other drinking establishments would be subject to planning permission. Currently such buildings can be demolished or have their use changed without such permission being granted.

My understanding of the current law is:

The proposed new clause, which was rejected in a vote, stated:

Use classes and demolition: drinking establishments

  1. The Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987 (SI 1987/764) is amended as follows.
  2. At the end of section 3(6) add—
    • “(n) as a drinking establishment.”
  3. In the Schedule, leave out “Class A4. Drinking Establishments”.
  4. The Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995 (SI 1995/418) is amended as follows.
  5. In Part 3 of Schedule 2 under Class A: Permitted Development, leave out “A4 (drinking establishments)”.
  6. In Part 31 of Schedule 2 under A.1 add—
    • “(c) the building subject to demolition is classed as a drinking establishment”.”

I’ve added the links; but even with those it takes some deciphering to determine its effect.

The effect of subsection (6) would have been to completely ban demolishing pubs and other drinking establishments, even with permission. This would have put demolishing a pub, whatever the circumstances, on a par with dodgy behaviour like a developer intentionally making a building unsafe [to permit its demolition without planning permission].

Subsections (1)-(5) would have had the effect of removing the planning “class” for pubs and other drinking establishments; thereby preventing pubs having their uses changed to those other classes the law currently permits pubs to have their uses changed to.

I think a better plain English explanation would have been:

The effect of this new clause would be to prevent pubs, bars and other “drinking establishments” becoming restaurants, cafes, shops or temporary business premises without planning permission; and to completely ban demolishing drinking establishments.

See this vote on : TheyWorkForYou and PublicWhip.

Background to Explanatory Statements

Optional explanatory statements for amendments were introduced in 2013/14 following a recommendation from the House of Commons Procedure Committee in February 2013 informed by a pilot during the consideration of the Electoral Registration and Administration Bill in 2012.

The majority of MPs voted against requiring MPs to provide explanatory statements to accompany amendments they propose to Bills when this proposal was put to a vote in 2013.

In January 2015 the Speaker’s Digital Democracy Commission reported in Chapter 3:

Full Fact said that a plain language description of what each amendment does should be published alongside the amendments to help the public understand what MPs are voting on. This is already done for some amendments but is not compulsory and we hope to see it quickly become the norm.

My Views

I think it’s very important that MPs deal with, debate, and vote on, laws themselves and not some abstraction of them. What we’ve seen for the first time in the case of this vote on the planning law affecting pubs is an explanatory statement written in manner which misrepresents the current state of the law and the impact of the proposed change. It isn’t technically inaccurate, but it certainly isn’t impartial.

Perhaps if we are to see a greater role for plain English and explanatory statements we will need referees to determine if they are fair or not; either that or MPs and the public will have to interpret them with great caution, which rather defeats the point.

Another option would be to make our laws more accessible, and to turn them into plain English themselves. I would like a benefits system the Secretary of State for the Department for Work and Pensions could recite annually in a short speech, a tax code the Chancellor could do similar for during the budget and planning laws on pubs which could be clearly explained to anyone.

See Also

3 comments/updates on “Pub Law Reform Attempt Highlights Risk of Letting Plain English into Parliament

  1. Richard Taylor Article author

    Cambridge’s Ex Executive Councillor for planning Cllr Tim Ward has written:

    This appears to be in-line with the official advice on the Government’s “Planning Portal” website’s page on “demolition”.

    Part 31 of Schedule 2 to the The Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995 requires an application to the local planning authority:

    for a determination as to whether the prior approval of the authority will be required to the method of demolition and any proposed restoration of the site;

    Clearly this is different to an “application for planning permission” though in that the demolition itself is not the subject of the application, and therefore not something the planning authority can refuse.

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